Approaches to the Qualitative Assessment of the of Safety Barriers Performance at Oil and Gas Facilities



Скачать

Annotation:

The basic concepts of the idea of safety barriers and proposals for their classification are given. The criteria for assessing the performance of safety barriers, methods for checking their performance during operation of the facility, as well as an approach to a qualitative assessment of their performance at the facility are described. Technical safety barriers mean engineering systems and equipment located at the facility and designed to implement a critical safety function. Administrative safety barriers serve to control the implementation of critical safety tasks performed by the employees.

The performance of safety barriers is described by three groups of criteria: efficiency, reliability, stability. The tasks of effective safety barriers management are reduced to preventing, controlling, or reducing the consequences of the implementation of risks at oil and gas facilities.  These goals are achieved by assessing the performance of each barrier element and maintaining its performance capability, as well as by analyzing not only technical, but also administrative decisions. The tasks set are solved by the efficient placement and use of safety barriers, ensuring their effectiveness, reliability, and sustainability through current supporting procedures.

Based on the results of the assessment of the safety barriers performance, the recommendations are developed on the formation of a list of measures in the field of operational risk management and on reducing the level of risk criticality. The task of assessing the performance of safety barriers is to identify the weak points in the industrial safety of oil and gas facilities by determining the sufficiency and readiness of each existing safety barrier to perform a barrier function.

References:
1. Methodological bases for hazard analysis and risk assessment of accidents at hazardous production facilities: safety guide. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200133801 (accessed: November 11, 2022). (In Russ.).
2. GOST R 54141—2010. Risk management. Implementation guide for organizational security measures and risk assessment. Reference incidents scenarios. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200089294 (accessed: November 11, 2022). (In Russ.).
3. GOST R ISO/MEK 31010—2011. Risk management. Risk assessment methods. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200090083 (accessed: November 11, 2022). (In Russ.).
4. Zhukov I.S. Safety Barriers: Notion, Classification, Concepts. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2017. № 5. pp. 49–56. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2017-5-49-56
5. R Gazprom 18000.2-021—2022. Unified industrial safety management system. Guidelines for assessing the state of safety barriers for personnel at PJSC Gazprom objects. Available at: https://tchaikovsky-tr.gazprom.ru/d/textpage/c8/200/r-gazprom-18000.2-021-2022-esupb.-metodicheskie-rekomendatsii-po-otsenke-sostoyaniya-barerov-bezopasnosti-personala-obektov-pao-gazprom.pdf (accessed: November 2, 2022). (In Russ.).
6. Barrier Memorandum 2017. Principles for barrier management in the petroleum industry. Available at: https://www.ptil.no/contentassets/43fc402b97e64a7cbabdf91c64b349cb/barriers-memorandum-2017-eng.pdf (accessed: November 2, 2022). (In Russ.).
7. Sklet S. Safety barriers: Definition, classification, and performance. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. 2006. Vol. 19. Iss. 5. pp. 494–506. DOI: 10.1016/j.jlp.2005.12.004
8. Trbojevic V.M. Optimising hazard management by workforce engagement and supervision. Liverpool: Health and safety executive, 2008. 92 p.
9. Sklet S. Safety barriers on Oil and Gas Platforms. Means to prevent hydrocarbon releases. Trondheim: Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 2005. 182 p.
10. Accidental Risk Assessment Methodology for Industries in the context of the Seveso II directive. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Olivier-Salvi/publication/237251847_ARAMIS_Accidental_Risk_Assessment_Methodology_for_IndustrieS_in_the_context_of_SEVESO_II/links/0f31753177e8af04f9000000/ARAMIS-Accidental-Risk-Assessment-Methodology-for-IndustrieS-in-the-context-of-SEVESO-II.pdf (accessed: November 2, 2022).
11. Principles for barrier management in the petroleum industry. Available at: https://www.ptil.no/contentassets/11851dc03a84473e8299a2d80e656356/principles-for-barrier-management-in-the-petroleum-industry_2013.pdf (accessed: November 2, 2022).
12. ISO 13702:2015. Petroleum and natural gas industries — Control and mitigation of fires and explosions on offshore production installations — Requirements and guidelines. Geneva: ISO, 2015. 68 p.
13. NORSOK S-001:2008. Technical safety. Available at: https://www.studocu.com/latam/document/universidad-de-los-andes-venezuela/ingenieria-mecanica/s-001technical-safety/11787848 (accessed: November 2, 2022).
14. Hokstad P., Aven T., Vatn J. Use of risk acceptance criteria in Norwegian offshore industry: Dilemmas and challenges. Risk, Decision and Policy. 2004. Vol. 9. Iss. 3. pp. 193–206. DOI: 10.1080/14664530490505567
15. ГОСТ Р МЭК 61511-1—2018. Functional safety. Safety instrumented systems for the process industry sector. Part 1. Terms, definitions and technical requirements. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200160087 (accessed: November 2, 2022). (In Russ.).
16. Madsen C.S. Operational Safety: «The Platform Manager's Risk Control Tool». Available at: https://ntnuopen.ntnu.no/ntnu-xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/238495/646866_FULLTEXT01.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y (accessed: November 2, 2022).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-12-55-62
Year: 2022
Issue num: December
Keywords : classification barrier function verification safety barrier performance assessment performance monitoring criteria for the assessment oil and gas industry facility
Authors:
  • Barkhatov V.D.
    Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Deputy Head of Department LLC Science Research Institute of Economics and Management in Gas Industry (LLC «NIIgazeconomika»), Moscow, Russia
  • Zaytseva E.V.
    Deputy Head of the Devision LLC Science Research Institute of Economics and Management in Gas Industry (LLC «NIIgazeconomika»), Moscow, Russia
  • Lisanov M.V.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), the Director of Risk Analysis Center STC «Industrial Safety» CJSC, Moscow, Russia
  • Zhukov I.S.
    Research Associate STC «Industrial Safety» CJSC, Moscow, Russia