Location of Personnel in Coalmine Excavations — Reality and Myths


The study considers the systems of location of workers in coalmine excavations; the application of such systems is regulated by the Safety rules in coalmines. It has been shown that in Russian coalmines, zonal-type systems and continuous systems are operated. The compliance of each type of system with the requirements of the Safety rules in terms of design, functionality, and technical parameters has been assessed. The features of building a zonal-type system as to the methodology of placing tag readers in excavations have been determined. The continuous system functionality has been analyzed. It has been shown that in addition to the main function of personnel’s location, the system acquires other useful properties, i.e., the use of gas analyzers installed in the headlamp to transmit measurements in real-time mode indicating a measurement location; the implementation of two-way voice communication between a mining dispatcher and workers in excavations via individual headlamps. By the results of the study, the concluding provisions have been formulated: in zonal-type location systems, it is possible to meet the regulatory requirement for a five-second data update period on the condition that the maximum distance between readers does not exceed 60 meters; in continuous personnel’s location systems, due to their design features, additional functions to ensure industrial safety and organizational properties are implemented, expanding the practical value of such devices.

1. Safety rules in coalmines: Federal rules and regulations in the field of industrial safety. 9 izd., ispr. i dop. Ser. 05. Iss. 40. Moscow: ZAO NTTs PB, 2023. 202 p. (In Russ.).
2. Novikov A.V., Panevnikov K.V., Pisarev I.V. Multi-functional coal mine safety system — practices of use of personnel’s location and alerting systems. Gornaya Promyshlennost = Mining Industry. 2018. № 2 (138). pp. 93–98. (In Russ.).
3. Vaganov V.S. Safety rules in coalmines — the development of multifunctional safety and security systems. Gornaya Promyshlennost = Mining Industry. 2017. № 2 (132). pp. 77–83. (In Russ.).
4. Nasibullina T.V. Selection of data transmission technology for digital mine design. Gornaya Promyshlennost = Mining Industry. 2023. № 6. pp. 51–55. DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2023-6-51-55 (In Russ.).
5. Vaganov V.S., Urusov L.V. Analysis of methods of organization data networks for building modern MFSB in coal mines. Vestnik nauchnogo tsentra po bezopasnosti rabot v ugolnoy promyshlennosti = Vestnik of safety in coal mining scientific center. 2016. № 3. pp. 72–81. (In Russ.).
6. GOST R 55154—2019. Mining equipment. Multifunctional safety systems of the coal mines. General technical requirements. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200170005 (accessed: February 26, 2024). (In Russ.).
7. Kosterenko V.N. Modern systems of video surveillance, alerting and searching of personnel caught by an accident in mines and underground spaces. Bezopasnost obektov TEK = Safety of TEK facilities. 2015. № 1. pp. 102–105. (In Russ.).
8. Novikov A.V., Panevnikov K.V., Pisarev I.V. Multi-functional coal mine safety system: visualisation of events (mining processes) form the miner's workplace. Gornaya Promyshlennost = Mining Industry. 2021. № 5. pp. 65–69. DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2021-5-65-69 (In Russ.).
9. Vaganov V.S., Goffart T.V., Dubkov I.S. Development of mobile devices as a part of computer networks of coalmines. Gornaya Promyshlennost = Mining Industry. 2018. № 1 (137). pp. 54–58. (In Russ.).
10. GOST R 59283—2020. Mining equipment. Multipurpose safety systems for coal mines. Aerogas control. Scanning Control of Methane and Carbon Monoxide. General technical requirements. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200177256 (accessed: February 26, 2024). (In Russ.).
11. Goffart T.V., Novikov A.V., Panevnikov K.V. Scanning (Dynamic) Gas Control in the Coal Mines. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2017. № 6. pp. 59–62. DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2017-6-59-62 (In Russ.).
12. Novikov A.V., Panevnikov K.V., Pisarev I.V. Regarding the factors of improving industrial safety in a coal mine. Gornaya Promyshlennost = Mining Industry. 2022. № 2. pp. 36–38. (In Russ.).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2024-3-80-85
Year: 2024
Issue num: March
Keywords : industrial safety multifunctional safety and security system правила безопасности coal mine regulatory requirements mine workings personnel’s location design feature
  • Novikov A.V.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Design Engineer, novikov@granch.ru, OOO NPF «Granch», Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
  • Panevnikov K.V.
    Implementation Director, OOO NPF «Granch», Novosibirsk, Russian Federation
  • Pisarev I.V.
    Lead of Design Group, OOO NPF «Granch», Novosibirsk, Russian Federation