Management of Occupational Risk Caused by the Interaction of Coal Mining and Service Enterprises


Outsourcing of service and ancillary work, as a way to increase production productivity while reducing costs, is increasingly used in coal companies. At the same time, a significant proportion of industrial injuries at service and auxiliary enterprises is formed due to the lack of clear regulations for their interaction with mining enterprises. Therefore, the problem of interaction between service and coal mining enterprises of a coal company is considered in the aspect of production risk management.
The analysis showed that the legal documents of coal mining enterprises do not contain requirements for the formation and provision of safe working conditions and briefings for third-party workers, and there are no clear boundaries for the responsibility of the parties in case of incidences. The main difficulty in creating safe working conditions for the employees of service enterprises is as follows:
it is not defined who exactly, the contractor or the customer, should allocate resources to ensure safe working conditions;
the work on ensuring the safety of employees of contracting organizations by the heads of the main enterprises often does not fall into the zone of their attention, since they are busy with their own production problems and tasks.
To eliminate these shortcomings, it is advisable to form a unified mechanism for managing production risk for the main and contracting enterprises, which should include measures to create safe working conditions for contractors.
The basis of this mechanism should be the control of hazardous production situations. At the same time, situations that arise at the junction of the responsibility of contracting organizations and customer enterprises should be singled out in a separate group - joint operations.
The article presents the results of the implementation of the proposed mechanism obtained in the course of the joint work of coal mining enterprises with the Department of Degassing and Utilization of Methane, and the enterprise PE «Spetsnaladka» operating in the underground conditions at the mines of the association AO «SUEK-Kuzbass».

1. Simonova N.I., Vikhrov S.V., Ivanov V.V. Improving the safety of contractor employees based on the occupational risk management. Available at: (accessed: August 01, 2022). (In Russ).
2. Glebova E.V., Fomin E.A., Ivanova M.V. Procedure for Admittance of the Contractor Companies to Perform the Work at the Construction Site. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2021. № 2. pp. 24–28. (In Russ). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-2-24-28
3. Hayes J., McDermott V. Working in the crowded underground: one call services as a boundary object. Safety Science. 2017. Vol. 110. pp. 69–79. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2017.09.019
4. Sarkar S., Ejaz N., Promod C.S., Maiti J. Pattern Extraction Using Proactive and Reactive Data: A Case Study of Contractors’ Safety in a Steel Plant. Proceedings of ICETIT 2019. Emerging Trends in Information Technology. 2019. Vol. 605. pp. 731–742. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30577-2_65
5. Valluru C.T., Dekker S., Rae A.J. How and why do subcontractors experience different safety on high-risk work sites? Cognition, Technology and Work. 2017. Vol. 19.  Iss. 4. pp. 785–794. DOI: 10.1007/s10111-017-0435-1
6. Thébaud-Mony A., Levenstein C., Forrant R., Wooding J. Nuclear Servitude: Subcontracting and Health in the French Civil Nuclear Industry. New York: Routledge, 2017. 268 p. DOI: 10.4324/9781315224022
7. Bağan H., Gerede E. Use of a nominal group technique in the exploration of safety hazards arising from the outsourcing of aircraft maintenance. Safety Science. 2019. Vol. 118. pp. 795–804. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2019.06.012
8. Gendler S.G., Kozlov G.V. Peculiarities of carrying professional selection at the collieries with high risk of traumatism and accident rate. Izvestiya Tulskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle = Proceedings of the Tula State University. Sciences of Earth. 2018. Iss. 4. pp. 51–59. (In Russ).
9. Vinogradova O.V. The role of personnel in ensuring safety at coal mining enterprises. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten (nauchno-tekhnicheskiy zhurnal) = Mining informational and analytical bulletin (scientific and technical journal). 2021. № 2-1. pp. 64–76. (In Russ). DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-64-76
10. Mikhaylenko E.D., Fomin A.I. Coal Mine Occupational Injuries Reduction due to Multiple Human Factor Disclosure. Vestnik nauchnogo tsentra po bezopasnosti rabot v ugolnoy promyshlennosti = Bulletin of the scientific center for the safety of work in the coal industry. 2021. № 2. pp. 55–62. (In Russ).
11. Artemev V.B., Lisovskiy V.V., Dobrovolskiy A.I., Kravchuk I.L. Reserves for improving production safety in AO SUEK. Ugol = Coal. 2017. № 8. pp. 106–113. (In Russ). DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2017-8-106-113
12. Kravchuk I.L., Denisov S.E., Lapaeva O.A., Nevolina E.M. On the development of the economic criterion for the functioning effectiveness of the production safety management system at a mining enterprise. Problemy nedropolzovaniya = Problems of Subsoil Use. 2018. № 4 (19). pp. 90–99. (In Russ).  DOI: 10.25635/2313-1586.2018.04.090
13. Artemev V.B., Galkin V.A., Kravchuk I.L. Production safety (organizational aspect). Moscow: Gornaya kniga, 2016. 144 p. (In Russ).
14. Shevchenko L.A., Grishin V.Yu. The approach to estimate the effectiveness of the coal mining enterprise staff to prevent breaches of safety requirements. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta = Bulletin of the Kuzbass State Technical University. 2016. № 5. pp. 123–131. (In Russ).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-9-53-61
Year: 2022
Issue num: September
Keywords : аутсорсинг injury rate safe working conditions производительность industrial control coal mining enterprises production risk risk management contractors hazardous production situations
  • Mazanik I.E.
    Mazanik I.E.
    Deputy Director — Head of the Department, AO «SUEK-Kuzbass», Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Russia
  • Rays K.A.
    Rays K.A.
    Deputy Director AO «SUEK-Kuzbass», Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Russia
  • Kravchuk I.L.
    Kravchuk I.L., Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Director, Chelyabinsk Branch of the Institute of Mining of Ural Branch of RAS, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation, Director of Safety of Mining Production, LLC «NIIOGR», Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation
  • Smolin A.V.
    Smolin A.V.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Research Associate, LLC «NIIOGR», Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation