Research Prospects in the Field of Risk Analysis for Improvement of Government Regulation and Safety Increase of the Oil and Gas Chemical Complex Objects



S.G. Radionova, Dep. Chairman S.A. Zhulina, Department Head Rostechnadzor, Moscow, Russia N.A. Makhutov, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., RAS Corresponding Member M.M. Gadenin, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Leading Researcher Mechanical Engineering Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia Yu.V. Lisin, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), General Dir. D.A. Neganov, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Dir. of Center Pipeline Transport Institute, LLC (Transneft R&D, LLC), Moscow, Russia V.A. Nadein, General Dir. OOO «NGB-Energodiagnostika», Moscow, Russia A.S. Pecherkin, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., First Dep. General Dir. STC «Industrial Safety» CJSC, Moscow, Russia

Annotation:

The criterial, legal, and technical standards base of assurance and improvement of safety of the oil and gas chemical complex objects is structurally considered. The defining expressions and their parameters for quantitative assessment of the industrial safety level by risk criteria are given. The actions accordance relevance of the Scientific Council at the Security Council of the Russian Federation, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the scientific departments of federal and regional agencies, and the scientific and technical council and centers of Rosteсhnadzor in improvement of state regulation of industrial safety of the oil and gas chemical complex objects is noted. Prospects of the industrial safety increase are linked with the goals of engineering, equipment production, construction and operations of the oil and gas chemical complex objects considering the acceptable risk criteria.
For achievement of strategic priorities in the sphere of improvement of the industrial safety level, especially on the oil and gas chemical complex objects, the following top-priority arrangements are proposed: development of the unified research and methodological base for analysis, regulation, management and reduction of risks; creation of new regulatory base for substantiation of the risk and safety multiparameter indicators; introduction in the developing risk-based approach of complex analysis of the kinetics and dynamics at time of the dangerous external and internal actions, and also the human, natural, and technological factors; staged transition to scientifically based scenario modelling for the emergence and development of the emergency and catastrophic conditions.

References:

1. Konstitutsiya Rossiyskoy Federatsii (The Constitution of the Russian Federation). Available at: http://www.constitution.ru/ (accessed: July 10, 2017).
2. O Strategii natsionalnoy bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii: Ukaz Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii ot 31 dekabrya 2015 g. № 683 (On the national security strategy of the Russian Federation: Decree of the President of the Russian Federation № 683 of December 31, 2015). Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_191669/ (accessed: July 10, 2017).
3. O promyshlennoy politike v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: feder. zakon ot 31 dekabrya 2014 g. № 488-FZ (On industrial policy in the Russian Federation: Federal Law of December 31, 2014 № 488-FL). Available at: http://base.garant.ru/70833138/ (accessed: July 10, 2017).
4. O strategicheskom planirovanii v Rossiyskoy Federatsii: feder. zakon ot 28 iyunya 2014 g. № 172-FZ (On strategic planning in the Russian Federation: Federal Law of June 28, 2014 № 172-FL). Available at: http://base.garant.ru/70684666/ (accessed: July 10, 2017).
5. O promyshlennoy bezopasnosti opasnykh proizvodstvennykh obektov: feder. zakon ot 21 iyulya 1997 g. № 116-FZ (On Industrial Safety of Hazardous Production Objects: Federal Law of July 21, 1997 № 116-FL). Moscow: ZAO NTTs PB, 2017. 52 p.
6. Sovet Bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii: 20 let (Security Council of the Russian Federation: 20 Уears). Moscow: FGUP Izd-vo «Izvestiya», 2012. 215 p.
7. Rezolyutsiya Foruma-dialoga «Promyshlennaya bezopasnost — otvetstvennost gosudarstva, biznesa i obshchestva» (Resolution of the Forum-dialogue «Industrial safety — responsibility of the state, business, and society»). Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2015. № 12. pp. 32–38.
8. Rezolyutsiya II Foruma-dialoga «Promyshlennaya bezopasnost — otvetstvennost gosudarstva, biznesa i obshchestva» (Resolution of the II Forum-dialogue «Industrial safety — responsibility of the state, business, and society»). Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2016. № 7. pp. 9–14.
9. Arnold V.I. Teoriya katastrof (Theory of Catastrophes). Moscow: Nauka, 1990. 128 p.
10. Vorobev Yu.L. Strategicheskie riski Rossii: otsenka i prognoz (Strategic Risks of Russia: Assessment and Forecast). Moscow: MChS Rossii, 2005. 392 p.
11. Makhutov N.A. Deformatsionnye kriterii razrusheniya i raschet elementov konstruktsiy na prochnost (Deformation Criteria of Destruction and Strength Analysis of Constructional Elements). Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1981. 272 p.
12. Makhutov N.A. Konstruktsionnaya prochnost, resurs i tekhnogennaya bezopasnost. V 2 ch. Ch. 1. Kriterii prochnosti i resursa (Structural Strength, Resource and Technogenic Safety. In 2 parts. Part 1. The Strength and Resource Criteria). Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2005. 493 p.
13. Makhutov N.A. Konstruktsionnaya prochnost, resurs i tekhnogennaya bezopasnost. V 2 ch. Ch. 2. Obosnovanie resursa i bezopasnosti (Structural Strength, Resource and Technogenic Safety. In 2 parts. Part 2. Substantiation of Resource and Safety). Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2005. 610 p.
14. PN AE G-7-002—86. Normy rascheta na prochnost oborudovaniya i truboprovodov atomnykh energeticheskikh ustanovok (PN AE G-7-002—86. Norms for the Strength Analysis of Equipment and Pipelines of Nuclear Power Plants). Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1989. 525 p.
15. Makhutov N.A. Prochnost i bezopasnost. Fundamentalnye i prikladnye issledovaniya (Strength and Safety. Fundamental and Applied Research). Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2008. 528 p.
16. O bezopasnosti: feder. zakon ot 28 dekabrya 2010 g. № 390-FZ (On security: Federal Law of December 28, 2010 № 390-FL). Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_108546/ (accessed: July 10, 2017).
17. O zashchite naseleniya i territoriy ot chrezvychaynykh situatsiy prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo kharaktera: feder. zakon ot 21 dekabrya 1994 g. № 68-FZ (On the protection of the population and territories from emergency situations of natural and technogenic nature: Federal Law of December 21, 1994 № 68-FL). Available at: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_5295/ (accessed: July 10, 2017).
18. Pravila bezopasnosti v neftyanoy i gazovoy promyshlennosti: feder. normy i pravila v obl. prom. bezopasnosti (Safety Rules in Oil and Gas Industry: Federal Norms and Rules in the Field of Industrial Safety). 2-e izd., ispr. i dop. Ser. 08. Iss. 19. Moscow: ZAO NTTs PB, 2017. 316 p.
19. Metodicheskie osnovy po provedeniyu analiza opasnostey i otsenki riska avariy na opasnykh proizvodstvennykh obektakh: ruk. po bezopasnosti: prikaz Rostekhnadzora ot 11 aprelya 2016 g. № 144 (Methodical Bases on Conducting Hazards Analysis and Accidents Risk Assessment at Hazardous Production Facilities: Safety Guide: Order of Rostechnadzor of April 11, 2016 № 144). Ser. 27. Iss. 16. Moscow: ZAO NTTs PB, 2017. 56 p.
20. Ivantsov O.M., Mazur I.I. Bezopasnost truboprovodnykh system (Safety of Pipeline Systems). Moscow: ITs-ELIMA, 2004. 1104 p.
21. Radionova S.G., Lisin Yu.V., Makhutov N.A., Revel-Moroz P.A., Neganov D.A., Zorin N.E. Scientific and technical, social and economic, and legal aspects of the reliability of transport of oil and petroleum products. Nauka i tekhnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov = Science & Technologies: Oil and Oil Products Pipeline Transportation. 2016. № 5. pp. 20–31.
22. Lisin Yu.V. Pipes withstand pressure: how scientific research increases the safety of pipeline transport. Truboprovodnyy transport nefti = Oil Pipeline Transport. 2015. № 8. pp. 4–14.
23. Brinchuk M.M., Golichenkov A.K., Klovach E.V., Krasnykh B.A., Sidorov V.I. 20 Years to the Federal Law № 116-FL «On industrial safety of hazardous production facilities». Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2017. № 4. pp. 37–45.

DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2017-9-5-13
Year: 2017
Issue num: September
Keywords : safety reliability regulation resource oil and gas chemical complex supervision strength durability
Authors: