Fire Protection of Machine Halls of Nuclear Power Plants using Multifunctional Robotic Complexes


The problematic issues of the organization of fire extinguishing process in the engine rooms of nuclear power plants are considered. The need of prompt response to the occurrence of combustion source at the initial stage is substantiated. With the existing methods of ensuring fire safety, it is not always possible to achieve this goal. A conceptual approach is proposed concerning the construction of a system using robotic fire extinguishing installations, the hardware-software control complex of which allows to prevent the development of a fire. This is ensured by monitoring and analysis of the facility state, development of the control commands for the multifunctional fire protection complex.
The innovative system for monitoring fire situation and fire extinguishing was created, which adapts in accordance with the dynamics of the development of a fire and a change in the situation. It is based on the software and digital solutions for ensuring comprehensive full-scale protection of the facilities from fires, accidents, and explosions. The risks to the life and health of the facility personnel and firefighters involved in extinguishing were minimized due to the absence of exposure to hazardous fire factors and their consequences. As a result, an unacceptable economic damage is prevented in case of fires and emergencies at the protected objects.
Proposed complex with separate systems included in it differs from the traditional methods of fire protection. It is fully adapted to the likely scenarios for the development of the situation at the facility. As a result, the fire protection system is formed, which is based not on the general requirements (standards), but on the realistically possible emergency events. This approach not only ensures the efficiency of fire detection and elimination, but also reduces the cost of equipment operation. 

1. Soldatov G.E., Golodnova O.S. On the ways to reduce the risk of fires in the machine rooms of the nuclear power plants. Atomkon = Atomcon. 2009. № 2 (3). pp. 42–46. (In Russ.).
2. Puzach S.V., Lebedchenko O.S., Ishchenko A.D., Fogilev I.S. Temporal mechanism impact hazard fire on nuclear power plant staff and comprehensive protection against them.  Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2017. Vol. 26. № 8. pp. 15–24. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18322/PVB.2017.26.08.15-24
3. Ishchenko A.D. Theory of the localization of fires in the buildings of energy facilities: Abstract of the thesis... Doctor of Technical Sciences. Moscow: Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii, 2021. 48 p. (In Russ.).
4. Fogilev I.S. Ensuring the actions of the operational personnel in the event of fire occurrence in the premises of nuclear power plants: thesis... Candidate of Technical Sciences. Moscow: Akademiya GPS MChS Rossii, 2018. 154 p. (In Russ.).
5. Rose-Pehrsson S.L., Hart S.J., Street T.T., Williams F.W., Hammond M.H., Gottuk D.T., Wright M.T., Wong J.T. Early warning fire detection system using a probabilistic neural network. Fire Technology. 2003. Vol. 39. pp. 147–171. DOI: 10.1023/A:1024260130050
6. Gorban Yu.I., Sinelnikova E.A. Fire extinguishing systems for the protection of machine rooms of thermal power plants, nuclear power plants and hydroelectric power plants: problems and solutions. Algoritm bezopasnosti = Safety Algorithm. 2011. № 3. pp. 32–36. (In Russ.).
7. Gorban Y.I., Sinelnikova E.A. Computer-aided firefighting systems based on firefighting robotic complexes (CFS FRC) for protection on the machine halls in nuclear power, heat power, and hydropower plants. Pozharnaya bezopasnost = Fire safety. 2012. № 3. pp. 136–142. (In Russ.).
8. Tomakov V.I., Tomakov M.V., Pahomova E.G., Andrienko V.V., Pashkova M.E. Protection of spatial metal constructions energy objects from exposure to high temperatures in fire conditions. Izvestiya Yugo-Zapadnogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Tekhnika i tekhnologii = Proceedings of the Southwest State University. Series: Engineering and Technologies. 2018. Vol. 8. № 1 (26). pp. 67–80. (In Russ.).
9. Rakib T., Sarkar M.A.R. Design and fabrication of an autonomous fire fighting robot with multisensor fire detection using PID controller. 2016 5th International Conference on Informatics, Electronics and Vision (ICIEV). Dhaka: IEEE, 2016. pp. 909–914. DOI:10.1109/ICIEV.2016.7760132
10. Aliff M., Yusof M.I., Sani N.S., Azavitra Z. Development of Fire Fighting Robot (QRob). International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications. 2019. Vol. 10. Iss. 1. pp. 142–147. DOI:10.14569/IJACSA.2019.0100118
11. Aleshkov M.V., Rozhkov A.V., Dvoenko O.V., Olkhovskiy I.A., Gusev I.A. The use of robotic systems to ensure fire suppressing efficiency at power plants. Pozhary i chrezvychaynye situatsii: predotvrashchenie, likvidatsiya = Fire and emergencies: prevention, elimination. 2016. № 1. pp. 48–53. (In Russ.).
12. Aleshkov M.V., Tsarichenko S.G., Kholostov A.L., Gusev I.A. Assurance fire safety of power facilities due to development and application of fire extinguishing mobile robotics. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2018. Vol. 27. № 9. pp. 35–49. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18322/PVB.2018.27.09.35-49
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-2-20-26
Year: 2022
Issue num: February
Keywords : fire fire protection fire extinguishing agent engine room robotic fire extinguishing systems
  • Nemchinov S.G.
    General Director «FR» Engineering Centre of Fire Robots Technology, LLC, Petrozavodsk, Russia
  • Harevskiy V.A.
    Chief Project Manager «FR» Engineering Centre of Fire Robots Technology, LLC, Petrozavodsk, Russia
  • Gorban Yu.I.
    Chief Engineer «FR» Engineering Centre of Fire Robots Technology, LLC, Petrozavodsk, Russia
  • Tsarichenko S.G.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., NRU MGSU, Moscow, Russia