Occupational Injuries in Civil Aviation


Statistical data on the Russian occupational injuries over two decades indicate a reduction in the victims annual number in all the sectors of the country economy from more than 150 thousand employees per year (2000) to 20 thousand (2021). It is shown that the number of fatal accidents during the same time decreased from 4.4 thousand per year to 1 thousand. The authors argue that during the aircraft ground maintenance in civil aviation, the cases of injury to employees and occupational diseases occur in accordance with what happens at the industrial enterprises. Statistics on monitoring working conditions and injury incidents at the aviation enterprises over the past three decades (excluding those injured in aviation accidents) are presented.
Based on monitoring data, it is shown that in the period from 2000 to 2021, the rate of decline in the number of employees affected by industrial hazards in civil aviation is approximately 1.5 times higher than the same figure for the country. The results of a statistical analysis of the employee injury causes cases that occurred are described. It is stated that the working conditions characteristic feature of the employees at enterprises and organizations of the country during the period of time under consideration was and remains increased noise levels in the workplaces. At the civil aviation enterprises, the share of people employed in work with such harmful and (or) hazardous working conditions as noise, ultrasound, and infrasound the last decade is about 20 % over.
The review is provided concerning the modern methods for reducing the impact of noise on the employees conducting aircraft ground handling operations. Recommendations are given on improving methods for counteracting the noise negative effects, developing personal protective equipment for areas of high noise pollution, and for further research.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2023-12-58-64
Year: 2023
Issue num: December
Keywords : safety noise injury rate working conditions hazard защита от шума aviation enterprises
  • Nikolaykin N.I.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation (MSTU CA), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • Merzlikin I.N.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., i_merzlikin@list.ru, Moscow State Technical University of Civil Aviation (MSTU CA), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • Sigaleva E.E.
    Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor RAS, Head of the Department, IMBP RUS, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • Stepanova G.P.
    Cand. Sci. (Med.), Leading Researcher, IMBP RUS, Moscow, Russian Federation