Occupational Injuries: Analysis of the Main Causes and Prospects for Reduction


Annotation:

Instability of the occupational injuries dynamics in recent years determined the need to improve the system of its prevention and a corresponding reduction in the injuries number. The study is devoted to the analysis of statistical data on fatal injuries at the facilities supervised by the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service of Russia. 

The analysis showed that the largest number of fatal injuries occurred at the electrical installations corresponding to the 6–35 kV voltage class, and the most traumatic professions in the power industry include: electrician — 66 % of all fatal injuries, electrical fitter and foreman — per 8 % for each profession. The analysis of the period duration that passed from the moment of checking knowledge on occupational safety to the moment of the injury allowed to conclude that it is required to improve approaches to training employees on occupational safety, due to the fact that the maximum level of fatal injuries is fixed after 1–3 months that passed since the moment of checking knowledge on occupational safety.

The analysis of factors significant from the point of view of the risk of injury was carried out, and the most common technical and organizational reasons were identified based on the results of the investigation of injuries. The study substantiates the most promising areas of measures to reduce occupational injuries, and proposes the recommendations for improving such basic procedures of the occupational safety management system at enterprises as training employees in occupational safety, and assessing occupational risks. At the same time, it is required to consider that many procedures of the occupational safety management system, including training of employees in occupational safety, conducting a special assessment of working conditions and assessing occupational risks, are carried out by the enterprises with the involvement of the third-party organizations providing services in the field of occupational safety. Therefore, the main areas of measures to reduce the level of occupational injuries include not only the development of recommendations for the prevention of injuries and the reduction of occupational risks for employers, but also measures to stimulate the motivation of employees for safe work, as well as improving the quality of services of the third-party organizations in the field of occupational safety.

References:
1. Loktionov O.A. Comparative analysis of injuries models and methods assessment in power industry with cause-and-effect relationship. Proceedings of the 33rd International Youth Conference on Radio Electronics, Electrical and Power Engineering (REEPE). IEEE, 2021. DOI: 10.1109/REEPE51337.2021.9388029
2. Glebova E.V., Volokhina A.T., Vikhrov A.E. Assessment of the efficiency of occupational safety culture management in fuel and energy companies. Journal of Mining Institute. 2023. Vol. 259. pp. 68–78. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2023.12
3. Analysis of fatal injuries at energy facilities supervised by Rosteсhnadzor for 2021 and 2022, and the formation of recommendations for its reduction. Available at: http://www.szap.gosnadzor.ru/activity/energonadzor/nesc_sluch/ (accessed: June 30, 2023). (In Russ.).
4. On the Federal State Energy Supervision: Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of June 30, 2021 № 1085. Available at: https://base.garant.ru/401432074/ (accessed: June 30, 2023). (In Russ.).
5. Loktionov O.A., Kondrateva O.E. Characteristics Determination for the Most Traumatic Professions of Industrial Power Facilities Employees in Terms of the Fatality. Bezopasnost Truda v Promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2022. № 5. pp. 35–41. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-5-35-41
6. Kondrateva O.E., Loktionov O.A., Baeva P.N., Dobrodeev S.N., Gitina M.A. Prospects for improving occupational safety in the context of reforming labor legislation in Russia. Elektroenergiya. Peredacha i raspredelenie = Electric Power. Transmission and Distribution. 2022. № 1 (70). pp. 94–98. (In Russ.).
7. Shea T., De Cieri H., Donohue R., Cooper B., Sheehan C. Leading indicators of occupational health and safety: An employee and workplace level validation study. Safety Science. 2016. Vol. 85. Iss. 3. pp. 293–304. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.01.015
8. Murata A. Cultural difference and cognitive biases as a trigger of critical crashes or disasters — evidence from case studies of human factors analysis. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science. 2017. Vol. 7. № 9. pp. 399–415. DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2017.79029
9. Karchina E.I., Artanova M.V., Ivanova M.V., Glebova E.V. Age and Professional Length of Service of the Drivers as Factors of Industrial Injuries. Bezopasnost Truda v Promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2021. № 11. pp. 87–93. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-11-87-93
10. Lee E.W.J., Zheng H., Aung H.H., Seidmann V., Li C., Aroor M.R., Lwin M.O., Ho S.S., Theng Y.L. Examining organizational, cultural, and individual-level factors related to workplace safety and health: A systematic review and metric analysis. Health Communication. 2020. Vol. 36. Iss. 5. pp. 529–539. DOI: 10.1080/10410236.2020.1731913
11. Borovkova A.M., Ilin D.A., Kuznetsov N.S., Sivtseva S.A. Improving the occupational health and safety management system at the enterprise based on a risk-based approach. Elektroenergiya. Peredacha i raspredelenie = Electric Power. Transmission and Distribution. 2021. № 3 (66). pp. 132–137. (In Russ.).
12. On the approval of the Regulations on the peculiarities of the investigation of industrial accidents in certain industries and organizations, the forms of documents, the relevant classifiers required for the investigation of industrial accidents: Order of the Ministry of Labor of Russia of April 20, 2022 № 223n. Available at: https://mintrud.gov.ru/docs/mintrud/orders/2359 (accessed: June 30, 2023). (In Russ.).
13. Borovkova A.M., Kravchenko M.V., Makulova E.I., Pavlova A.A., Morozov D.V. Measures to Reduce the Injuries Level in Electric Power Companies. Elektroenergiya. Peredacha i raspredelenie = Electric Power. Transmission and Distribution. 2021. № 5 (68). pp. 156–161. (In Russ.).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2023-8-40-46
Year: 2023
Issue num: August
Keywords : occupational risk industrial injuries injury causes improvement of the occupational health and safety management system
Authors: