Ensuring Fire Safety of Packages and Containers Made of Wood


The possibility of developing a methodology for conducting tests to assess flame retardness of packages for storing hazardous substances, materials, or products, as well as the use of the efficient integrated means of modifying wood for their manufacture is considered.

The analysis of the basic principles of the methodology of testing the building structures and products of the current standards showed the fundamental possibility of assessing the level of protection of explosive substances, materials or products contained in the package from the effects of fire hazards in the time from the beginning of tests under standard temperature conditions to the occurrence of the standardized limit states.

To carry out studies on the assessment of flame retardness of the wooden packages, the means were selected that ensure not only their fire protection, but also weather resistance and moisture resistance, as well as strength.

Comparative experimental studies of flame retardness allowed to assess behavior of the wooden packages during complex processing, and to show the advantages of their use to ensure integrity, thermal insulation capacity and the possibility of long-term storage while maintaining the main operational properties.

As a result, the principal possibility of using standard equipment and measuring instruments in accordance with GOST 30247.0—94 was established, the main criteria for the assessment of flame retardness were developed, the efficiency of fire protection, as well as the strength characteristics of a complex tool for its possible use in the manufacture of structural elements and wood products, were studied.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-8-71-77
Year: 2021
Issue num: August
Keywords : methodology fire resistance fire protection processing wood package product fire resistance
  • Isavnina K.D.
    Junior Researcher, xenia.isavnina@yandex.ru All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Protection of the EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia
  • Ushanov V.V.
    Head of Section All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Protection of the EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia
  • Shelkunov V.I.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Lead Researcher All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Protection of the EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia
  • Konstantinova N.I.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Chief Research Associate All-Russian Research Institute of Fire Protection of the EMERCOM of Russia, Balashikha, Russia