On Increasing the Level of Industrial Safety at the Enterprises of the Coal Industry



The article presents the results of the analysis of the main indicators of the supervisory and control activities of Rostechnadzor in the field of industrial safety at hazardous production facilities of the coal industry. It is revealed that with the implementation of constant state control (supervision), the share of bans and suspensions of the activities of hazardous production facilities increased by 1.5 times, while the injury and accident rates decreased significantly. This indicates an increase in the efficiency of supervision, and the level of industrial safety in the industry.
The factors (reasons and circumstances) of prohibitions and suspensions of the activities of hazardous production facilities of the coal industry due to the violations of industrial safety requirements and mining operations are considered. Suspension and prohibition of the activities means that there is a potential risk of an emergency occurence. Considering the emphasis on stimulating risk prevention, characteristic assessments of the subjects of supervision indicated in the acts of scheduled field inspections carried out in 2021 as part of the state control and supervision of compliance by coal enterprises with industrial safety requirements are highlighted in the article. When analyzing the acts of scheduled inspections, attention was paid to the presence of identified violations that could provoke an accident or incident, leading to a deviation from the established mode of the technological process and possible causing harm.
It should be noted that in the inspection acts, great emphasis is placed on monitoring the condition of technical devices: fences, signaling devices, blockages, crossings, stairs, platforms, railings, etc., what applies to the subjects of supervision by the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation.
Therefore, in order to improve the level of industrial safety and the safety of mining operations at the coal industry enterprises, the emphasis should be placed on the adapted application of a risk-oriented approach to the subjects of supervision of a particular hazardous production facility. This approach will increase the level of industrial safety at the controlled enterprises and reduce the costs of the caused harm (damage).

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2023-3-40-47
Year: 2023
Issue num: March
Keywords : industrial safety hazardous production facilities risk-oriented approach технологический процесс incident coal industry accident rate control and supervision activities violations of safety requirements acts of inspections subject of supervision objects of supervision causing harm (damage) suspension and prohibition of activity