To the Problem of Safety of Tyrnyauz Deposit Combined Development


The results are presented related to the retrospective analysis of the stability of Tyrnyauz deposit massifs during combined open-cast and underground mining for the development of measures to improve occupational safety. The information about Russian reserves of the tungsten and molybdenum is given. The characteristics of Tyrnyauz tungsten-molybdenum deposit and technologies for its development in the historical cross-section are provided. The distinctive features of the development of high-altitude deposits are described on the example of the Caucasus. Brief information is given on the method of measuring the displacement deformations of the mined ore mass by geometric leveling using profile lines of the reference marks. The result of the experience of the deposit combined development and the idea of the rock mass as a heterogeneous medium of structural blocks limited by the fractures in the form of agitators with the glide planes and filling with the secondary material are formulated in the article. The methodology is given concerning identification of the regularities of the massif deformation based on the data of surveying measurements with the location of reference marks on the surface, at the bottom of the open-cast and in the  underground horizons with graphical construction of hazardous zones. Information about the mechanism of destruction of the massif is generalized and systematized differentially for the composing elements: Blind deposit, Main scarn, Mukulansky open-cast It is shown that the deposit is located in the zone of tectonic forces effect, the stress state of its massif differs from geostatic in magnitude and direction of stresses, genesis and technogenic changes facilitated the transformation of the ore massif into a discrete medium, the formation of voids in the rock massifs was accompanied by the development of deformation with massif destruction. Studies of the history of the development of Tyrnyauz deposit testify the adequacy of massif behavior during technogenic intervention, which is a prerequisite for optimizing the technologies for industrial development of the deposit with an economic and environmental benefits.

1. Golik V.I., Razorenov Yu.I., Kachurin N.M., Lyashenko V.I. Safety Study of the Parameters of the System of the Development with Collapse. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2020. № 1. pp. 16–20. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2020-1-16-20
2. Zelentsov S.N., Kutepov Yu.Yu., Borger E.B. Investigation of Surface Failures and Mechanism of Their Formation on Undermined Earth Surface of the Mine Named after Ruban. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2017. № 5. pp. 271–280. (In Russ.).
3. Zaalishvili V.B., Melkov D.A., Dzeranov B.V., Morozov F.S., Tuaev G.E. Integrated instrumental monitoring of hazardous geological processes under the Kazbek volcanic center. International Journal of GEOMATE. 2018. 15 (47). pp. 158–163.
4. King B., Goycoolea M., Newman A. Optimizing the open pit-to- underground mining transition. European Journal of Operational Research. 2017. Vol. 257. Iss. 1. pp. 297–309.
5. Belodedov A.A., Dolzhikov P.N., Legostaev S.O. Analyzing Mechanism of Forming Earth Surface Deformations over Liquidated Mines Mining Workings. Izvestiya Tulskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle = Proceedings of Tula State University. Earth Sciences. 2017. Iss. 1. pp. 160–169. (In Russ.).
6. Kaizong Xia, Congxin Chen, Hua Fu, Yucong Pan, Yangyang Deng. Mining-induced ground deformation in tectonic stress metal mines: A case study. Engineering Geology. 2016. Vol. 210. pp. 212–230.
7. Tuan Min Chan, Suan Nam Buy, Kuang Khieu Chan, Kuang Khyui Nguen, Golik V.I. Substantiation of the Effect of the Wallrocks on the State of Mine Workings. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2018. № 4.  pp. 17–24. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2018-4-17-24
8. Wang G., Li R., Carranza E.J.M., Shouting Z., Yan C., Zhu Y., Qu J., Hong D., Song Y., Han J., Ma Z., Zhang H., Yang F. 3D geological modeling for prediction of subsurface Mo targets in the Luanchuan district, China. Ore Geology Reviews. 2015. Vol. 71. pp. 592–610.
9. Ben-Awuah E., Richter O., Elkington T., Pourrahimian Y. Strategic mining options optimization: Open pit mining, underground mining or both. International Journal of Mining Science and Technology. 2016. Vol. 26. Iss. 6. pp. 1065–1071.
10. Olisaev A.S., Garifulina I.Yu., Gashimova Z.A. To Diversification of Development Technologies of the Bosnian Dolomites Deposit. Izvestiya Tulskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle = Proceedings of Tula State University. Earth Sciences. 2020. № 1. pp. 253–265. (In Russ.).
11. Eremenko V.A., Rylnikova M.V., Esina E.N. Monitoring Stress-Strain State of Structural Defects and Udaroopasnost Rock Mass. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten = Mining informational and analytical bulletin. 2015. № 15. pp. 105–116. (In Russ.).
12. Aksenov V.V., Khoreshok A.A., Beglyakov V.U., Efremenkov A.B. The concept of creating perspective technological paradigm of formation (development) of the underground space on the basis of the leading development of new approaches in construction geotechnology and geotechnics. Premises and basic provisions (part 1). Available at: (accessed: November 10, 2020).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2021-1-14-20
Year: 2021
Issue num: January
Keywords : occupational safety deposit stability strain massif combined development tungsten leveling reference marks