To Nature- and Resource-saving Technologies for Underground Mining of the Complex Structure Deposits


The results of long-term scientific and practical studies of the completeness of the use of mineral resources and the safety of miners in the underground mining of rock type ore deposits are presented. The goal is to improve the technologies for the extraction and processing of resources on the principles of nature and resource conservation in the context of a reduction in the mineral reserves, the use of poor metal-containing raw materials and mining tailings. Proposals are developed to improve the management of the state of ore-bearing massifs. The regularities of their behavior under conditions of volumetric compression and geomechanical balance of elements of the natural and technogenic system are considered. Recommendations are given to improve the parameters for managing the state of massifs adjusted for the geomechanical and seismic conditions and structural features of the deposits. Promising directions for further research of the problem are outlined. Their efficiency was assessed by comparing the options for the development of the situation considering the costs of redistributing and protecting the population in the zone of mining facilities influence.  The role is established concerning the structures made of destroyed rocks in natural massifs in optimizing the normative strength of artificial massifs created in the developed space. There is a tendency towards stricter requirements for environmental protection and occupational safety in the mining industry. It is shown that the optimization of mining technology based on the geomechanical factors increases the safety of production and reduces the negative impact on the environment and the population of the mining region. An assessment is given of the prospects for expanding the scope of application of low-cost technologies for managing the state of rock masses in the underground development of complexly structured deposits.

1. Golik V.I, Dmytrak Yu.V., Komashchenko V.I., Razorenov Yu.I. Environmental aspects of storing tails of ore dressing in a mountain region. Ekologiya i promyshlennost Rossii = Ecology and Industry of Russia. 2018. Vol. 22. № 6. pp. 35–39. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18412/1816-0395-2018-6-35-39
2. Gryazev M.V., Kachurin N.M., Stas G.V. Hydro-gas-dynamic processes and environmental safety in the underground mining: monograph. Tula: Izd-vo TulGU, 2018. 269 p. (In Russ.).
3. Valiev N.G., Propp V.D., Vandyshev A.M. The 100th Anniversary of the Department of Mining Engineering of UrSMU. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedenii. Gornyi zhurnal = News of the Higher Institutions. Mining Journal. 2020. № 8. pp. 130–143. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.21440/0536-1028-2020-8-130-143
4. Zemskov A.N., Liskova M.Yu. Ways of providing safe working conditions of miners on the basis of automation controlling productions. Izvestiya Tulskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle = Proceedings of the Tula State University. Sciences of Earth. 2018. № 1. pp. 82–88. (In Russ.).
5. Zaalishvili V.B., Melkov D.A., Dzeranov B.V., Morozov F.S., Tuaev G.E. Integrated instrumental monitoring of hazardous geological processes under the Kazbek volcanic center. International Journal of GEOMATE. 2018. Vol. 15. Iss. 47. pp. 158–163. DOI: 10.21660/2018.47.20218
6. Golik V.I., Razorenov Yu.I., Dmitrak Yu.V., Gabaraev O.Z. Safety Improvement of the Underground Ore Extraction Considering Mass Geodynamics. Bezopasnost truda v promyshlennosti = Occupational Safety in Industry. 2019. № 8. pp. 36–42. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2019-8-36-42
7. Freeman A.M., Herriges J.A., Kling C.L. The measurement of environmental and resource values: Theory and Methods. 3rd Ed. New York: RFF Press, 2014. 478 p. DOI: 10.4324/9781315780917
8. Klyuev R.V., Bosikov I.I., Mayer A.V., Gavrina O.A. Comprehensive analysis of the effective technologies application to increase sustainable development of the natural-technical system. Ustoychivoe razvitie gornykh territoriy = Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2020. № 2. pp. 283–290. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2020-12-2-283-290
9. Vrancken C., Longhurst P.J., Wagland S.T. Critical review of real-time methods for solid waste characterisation: Informing material recovery and fuel production. Waste Management. 2017. Vol. 61. pp. 40–57. DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2017.01.019
10. Golik V.I., Razorenov Yu.I., Ignatov V.N., Khasheva Z.M. The history of Russian Caucasus ore deposit development. The Social Sciences (Pakistan). 2016. Vol. 11. № 15. pp. 3742–3746. DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2016.3742.3746
11. Adibi N., Ataee-pour M., Rahmanpour M. Integration of sustainable development concepts in open pit mine design. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2015. Vol. 108. Part A. pp. 1037–1049. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.07.150
12. Capilla A.V., Delgado A.V. The Destiny of the Earth’s Mineral Resources. London: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd, 2015. 256 p.
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-9-22-27
Year: 2022
Issue num: September
Keywords : environment occupational safety deposit underground development population nature-saving technologies resource-saving technologies
  • Golik V.I.
    Golik V.I., Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., NKMMI (GTU), Vladikavkaz, Russian Federation; Prof., Moscow Polytechnic University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • Kachurin N.M.
    Kachurin N.M.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Head of the Department FGBOU VO «Tulskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet», Tula, Russia
  • Stas G.V.
    Stas G.V.
    Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof. Tula State University, Tula, Russia
  • Liskova M.Yu.
    Liskova M.Yu.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof. PNRPU, Perm, Russia