Study of Micro-arc Oxidation as a Method for Improving the Technical Characteristics of AA5086 Aluminum and VT6 Titanium Alloys


The article presents the promising field of micro-arc oxidation as a surface modification method with the purpose to improve the corrosion resistance of titanium, aluminum, aluminum alloys and composites.
Micro-arc oxidation is an electrochemical process that forms a thick, hard and highly adhesive ceramic oxide layer on the metal surfaces, thereby providing excellent protective properties.
This method of hardening the metal surface was used in production in the manufacture of parts from AA5086 and VT6 alloys for industrial fans operating in chemically hazardous facilities. When using micro-arc oxidation, the strength and wear resistance of the internal parts of the fan to aggressive medium was increased. By that increased the trouble-free operation time and reduced the likelihood of destruction of the internal parts of the fan, which subsequently made it safer for employees to operate the fans in close proximity to the work area. 
This work examines the corrosion resistance of aluminum alloys and composites, since the indicated materials are also widely used in various branches of industry. It also considers the role of alloying elements in influencing corrosion behavior, as well as the influence of microstructure and processing methods on corrosion resistance. In addition, the discussion extends to the corrosion behavior and protective measures for aluminum matrix composites, including the inclusion of reinforcing phases such as ceramic particles, fibers or nanoparticles. 
Throughout the article, the corrosion resistance of micro-arc oxidation treated surfaces, anodized aluminum layers, aluminum alloys and composites are critically assessed, analyzing the factors influencing their protective characteristics, such as the morphology, composition and thickness of the oxide layers, as well as environmental factors.

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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2023-9-12-17
Year: 2023
Issue num: September
Keywords : safety electrolyte oxide layer surface morphology micro-arc oxidation of alloys corrosion resistance of alloys increased wear resistance wear resistance of alloys ventilation safety