Ensuring safety during work at height is the most important task in the context of the development of a modern construction complex. Falling from a height occupies one of the first places in terms of the number of victims among all the traumatic factors, based on the statistical data, and its share among other traumatic factors is 28 %. Works at height include construction works, in which there are risks associated with a possible fall of an employee from the height of more than 1.8 m. The employer is obliged to ensure the implementation of measures to reduce injuries at the construction site in accordance with the current legislation. Protective measures when working at height include personal and collective protective equipment, including the use of anchor lines on the building roofs.
The article provides for a comparative analysis of five options for the installation of anchor lines suitable for wooden, concrete, metal, and green roofs.
For the analysis, a flexible anchor line using a metal cable, a rigid anchor line on high supports, a rigid anchor line on low supports, a flexible anchor line with weights for use on the roofs with landscaping and a flexible anchor line with supports were selected. All the selected anchor line systems comply with the international safety requirements and can be used by one or more workers.
The advantages of each system of the anchor lines are revealed, a wide variety of roofing materials are considered: metal seam, made of polyvinyl chloride, with oriented strand board and thermoplastic polyolefin reinforced membrane, which is a high-tech polymer roofing material.
All the anchor lines have a variability in terms of the shape and can be used on the roofs of any configurations in the building design without additional efforts and search for the complex solutions on the part of the designer.
2. Labor Code of the Russian Federation (as amended on February 25, 2022) (version effective from March 1, 2022). Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/901807664 (accessed: January 20, 2022). (In Russ).
3. On approval of the Intersectoral Rules for Ensuring Employees with Special Clothing, Special Footwear and Other Personal Protective Equipment (as amended as of January 12, 2015): Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russia of June 1, 2009 № 290n. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/902161801 (accessed: January 20, 2022). (In Russ).
4. Korol E., Shushunova N., Nikitina M., Shushunova T. Modular greening technologies for buildings. XXIV International Scientific Conference «Construction the Formation of Living Environment» (FORM-2021). 2021. Vol. 263. Iss. E3S Web of Conferences. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202126304031
5. Shushunova T., Shushunova N., Pervova E., Dernov R., Nazarova K. Tendencies of the Green Construction in Russia. Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/960/4/042022/pdf (accessed: January 20, 2022).
6. On the composition of sections of the design documentation and the requirements for their content (as amended on December 1, 2021): Decree of the Government of Russian Federation of February 16, 2008 № 87. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/902087949 (accessed: January 20, 2022). (In Russ).
7. Vasilenko V.V., Lelikov G.D., Ovchinnikova T.A., Korolchenko D.A. Determination of criteria for assessing the effect of inorganic acids on synthetic ropes in order to improve the safety of high-altitude work. Pozharovzryvobezopasnost = Fire and Explosion Safety. 2019. Vol. 28. № 6. pp. 35–51. (In Russ). DOI: 10.18322/PVB.2019.28.06.35-51
8. GOST EN 795—2019. Occupational safety standards system. Personal fall protection equipment. Anchor devices. General technical requirements. Test methods. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200167503 (accessed: January 20, 2022). (In Russ).
9. GOST EN/TS 16415—2015. Occupational safety standards system. Personal fall protection equipment. Anchor devices for use by more than one person simultaneously. General technical requirements. Test methods. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/1200121791 (accessed: January 20, 2022). (In Russ).
10. Bevilacqua P., Bruno R., Arcuri N. Green roofs in a Mediterranean climate: energy performances based on in-situ experimental data. Renewable Energy. 2020. Vol. 152. pp. 1414–1430. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2020.01.085
11. Vasilenko V., Korolchenko D., Thanh Pham Nam. Definition of the inspection criteria for personal protective equipment (for work at heights) on example of full body harnesses. MATEC Web of Conferences. 2018. Vol. 251. DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/201825102042
12. Thanh Pham Nam, Vasilenko V., Korolchenko D. Test and Certification Procedures of Pulleys as a Part of Personal Fall Arrest System. Available at: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/365/4/042057/pdf (accessed: January 20, 2022).