Ensuring Fire Safety of Production Objects. Researches and Development of Normative Documents of FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia in the Field of Fires and Explosions Prevention

D.M. Gordienko, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Acting Head L.P. Vogman, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Chief Research Associate V.I. Gorshkov, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Lead Researcher Ju.N. Shebeko, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Chief Research Associate A.S. Melihov, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Chief Research Associate P.A. Leonchuk, Sector Head, pa.leonchuk@yandex.ru A.V. Mordvinova, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Sector Head FGBU VNIIPO EMERCOM of Russia, Moscow, Russia


The works performed at the institute in the last years aimed at prevention of fires and explosions, which allow for increasing efficiency of ways, means and methods of prevention, and also localization of emergencies, are considered in the Article. The new version of GOST R 12.3.047—2012 «Fire safety of the technological processes. General requirements. Control methods» and the guides to it were developed. In the new version of the standard the methods were significantly expended, which related to the definition of fire hazard of flammable and combustible liquids spills (Methods of calculation of the size of drain openings from process equipment (trays, rooms), liquid outflow from the tank and the area of liquid spreading at tank instant destruction), and also the wording of the appendix concerning the requirements to process equipment water irrigation is specified. In the guide to the standard the examples of calculations of fire hazard parameters of the technological processes are presented. The method is developed with regards to calculation of key parameters defining the conditions of thermal self-ignition (critical size, ambient temperature and delay of self-ignition) for real conditions of warehousing and transportation of loose and fibrous materials considering heat exchange, depth of burning out and specifics of oxidation reaction. The new method of calculation is adopted in the new version of GOST 12.1.044. Researches in the field of flexible rationing with use of probability theory and calculations of fire risks, values, and the ways and methods of fire protection of critical (unique) objects are also considered. The main fields of works on the development of methods and means of ensuring fire safety of the unique particularly hazardous production facilities, which were carried out by the staff of the institute, are presented.


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DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2017-6-5-20
Year: 2017
Issue num: June
Keywords : normative documents researches developments fire hazardous parameters of the technological process objects of oil and gas complex objects of space-rocket branch fire risk self-ignition fire safety