Expert on the working conditions assessment


Annotation:

The experience of conducting a special assessment of working conditions, production control and occupational risk assessment in the Russian Federation shows that the efficiency of these activities largely depends on the qualifications of the specialist responsible for their implementation.

In most cases, these works are performed by the invited third-party specialists who, to one degree or another, have the necessary status, knowledge, skills and, if required, the appropriate material and technical base and software. 

In connection with the introduction of the number of new and updated regulatory legal acts on occupational safety, the current situation with ensuring the quality of training of specialists in assessing working conditions was analyzed and measures were proposed to improve it.

The article provides a critical comparative legal analysis of the existing regulatory requirements for the main operating procedures for assessing the working conditions of employees.

For ensuring the required quality of work performed to assess working conditions at the workplace, the training and (or) retraining of specialists who have the right to perform all types of expert work is proposed.

An important element of improving the correctness of the expert work being carried out should be the introduction of mandatory requirements for the competence of specialists involved in the assessment of working conditions provided for by the professional standard «Specialist in the field of occupational safety» for the position (profession) «Expert in working conditions and occupational safety» or «Expert in working conditions assessment».

The proposed solutions for the training of experts in assessing working conditions will allow to perform all the above procedures in full compliance with the regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation in the field of occupational safety. 

References:
1. On the special assessment of working conditions: Federal Law № 426-FZ of December 28, 2013 (with amendments and additions entered into force on January 1, 2021). Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/499067392 (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
2. On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation: Federal law of June 23, 2014, № 160-FZ (as amended on July 29, 2017). Available at: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_164511/ (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
3. Labor Code of the Russian Federation dated December 30, 2001, № 197-FZ (as amended on November 4, 2022). Available at: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34683/ (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
4. On approval of the Recommendations on the organization and conduct of inspections of compliance with the requirements of the Federal Law of December 28, 2013, № 426-FZ «On a special assessment of working conditions» by the organizations authorized to conduct a special assessment of working conditions: order of Rostrud of June 2, 2014, № 199. Available at: http://data.1000gost.ru/catalog/Data2/1/4293718/4293718815.htm (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
5. Burak V.E. Calculation of costs of measuring working environment factors at special assessment of labor conditions. Ekonomika truda = Russian Journal of Labor Economics. 2015. Vol. 2. № 3. pp. 145–154. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.18334/et.2.3.545
6. Burak V.E., Tserkovnikova E.N. Analysis of the results of assessing the working conditions of a track fitter. Nauka i obrazovanie transport = Science and education for transport. 2019. № 2. pp. 96–98. (In Russ.).
7. Burak V.E. Objects of professional activity of simultaneous observation in a special assessment of working conditions. Problemy bezopasnosti na transporte: materialy KhI Mezhdunar. nauch-prakt. konf. (Problems of safety in transport: materials of the 18th International scientific-practical conference). In 2 parts. Pt. 1. Gomel: BelGUT, 2021. pp. 9–11. (In Russ.).
8. Dontsov S.A., Drozdova L.F. Assessment and Introduction of the Safety Culture without Traumatism at Machine-Building Enterprises. Vestnik Rostovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta putey soobshcheniya = Bulletin of the Rostov State University of Communications. 2019. № 1 (73). pp. 14–20. (In Russ.).
9. Dontsov S.A., Drozdova L.F., Ivakhnyuk G.K. Strategy for the management of safety and health personnel. Bezopasnost zhiznedeyatelnosti = Life Safety. 2019. № 3 (219). pp. 3–9. (In Russ.).
10. СП 1.1.1058—01. Organization and conduct of production control over compliance with the sanitary rules and the implementation of sanitary and anti-epidemic (preventive) measures. Available at: https://base.garant.ru/12124738/ (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
11. MR 2.2.0244—21. 2.2. Labor hygiene. Guidelines for ensuring sanitary and epidemiological requirements for working conditions. Guidelines. Available at: https://khv27.ru/upload/iblock/3a0/%D0%9C%D0%A0%202.2.0244-21.pdf (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
12. On approval of the Approximate regulations on the occupational safety management system: Order of the Ministry of Labor of the Russian Federation № 776n, dated October 29, 2021. Available at: https://docs.cntd.ru/document/727092790 (accessed: November 10, 2022). (In Russ.).
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2022-12-42-46
Year: 2022
Issue num: December
Keywords : occupational risk assessment industrial control special assessment of working conditions expert in working conditions assessment
Authors:
  • Dontsov S.A.
    Dontsov S.A.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof., sdonzov@rambler.ru Saint Petersburg State Institute of Technology, Saint Petersburg, Russia
  • Burak V.E.
    Burak V.E.
    Cand. Sci. (Agricult.), Engineer LLC «Group of companies 1520», Moscow, Russia
  • Chaplygin V.S.
    Chaplygin V.S.
    Chief Specialist of the Department «RUSSIAN RAILWAYS» (JSCO), Moscow, Russia