A Posteriori Assessment of the Statistical Indicators of Occupational Injuries and Occupational Morbidity of Employees in the Construction Industry


The current level of injuries and occupational morbidity in the construction industry of the Russian Federation is assessed based on the application of a statistical research method, the essence of which is to provide comparative characteristics of a posteriori quantitative indicators. The ranking of harmful factors of the working environment and the labor process was carried out for reducing the degree of prevalence at the workplaces in construction: severity — chemical factor — biological factor — non-ionizing radiation — vibration (general and local) and tension — aerosols of predominantly fibrogenic action — ionizing radiation — microclimate — noise, air ultrasound, infrasound — light medium. The regularity in distribution of accidents in the studied time interval was revealed, which consists in reducing the frequency coefficient, and the risk of occupational injuries in the construction industry with persistently high rates of fatal injury to employees relative to the largest sectors of economic activity. It is established that the risk of injury for one employee during one year in the construction industry varies from 3.03·10–3 to 1.33·10–3, which is higher than the acceptable risk of 1·10–6. Thus, it is required to develop additional measures to reduce industrial injuries and the severity of the consequences of employee injury. Change in the frequency rate of occupational diseases in the studied time interval is uneven, the maximum was recorded in 2015. A survey was conducted among the employees of construction organizations in the Belgorod region, the problem was identified related to concealing the information about injuries (microtraumas, minor accidents). The implementation of the corrective and preventive measures presented in the work will allow to reduce the likelihood of identified hazards, the level of industrial injuries and occupational morbidity.

1. Sharmanov V.V., Simankina T.L. Matrix-index approach to assessing the level of injuries at construction sites. Vestnik nauchnogo tsentra po bezopasnosti rabot v ugolnoy promyshlennosti = Bulletin of Research Center for Safety in Coal Industry (Industial Safety). 2022. № 1. pp. 75–82. (In Russ.).
2. Agoshkov A.I., Kozlova O.V., Kurochkin P.A., Sologubova S.V. A system of continuous training of employees in the field of occupational safety and health used in the implementation of investment projects by construction companies. XXI vek. Tekhnosfernaya bezopasnost = XXI century. Technosphere Safety. 2021. Vol. 6. № 2 (22). pp. 140–156. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.21285/2500-1582-2021-2-140-156
3. Lapidus A.A., Makarov A.N. A risk-based approach to construction control applied by a developer. Vestnik MGSU. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy zhurnal po stroitelstvu i arkhitekture = Vestnik MGSU (Monthly Journal on Construction and Architecture). 2022. Vol. 17. № 2. pp. 232–241. (In Russ.).
4. Gendler S.G., Gabov V.V., Babyr N.V., Prokhorova E.A. Justification of engineering solutions on reduction of occupational traumatism in coal longwalls. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten (nauchno-tekhnicheskiy zhurnal) = Mining informational and analytical bulletin (scientific and technical journal). 2022. № 1. pp. 5–19. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_1_0_5
5. Federal State Statistics Service. Working conditions. Available at: https://rosstat.gov.ru/working_conditions (accessed: January 10, 2023). (In Russ.).
6. Kontareva V.Yu., Belik S.N. Occupational morbidity and occupational injury in the food industry. Bezopasnost tekhnogennykh i prirodnykh sistem = Safety of Technogenic and Natural System. 2022. № 1. pp. 32–40. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.23947/2541-9129-2022-1-32-40
7. Kobtseva L.V., Dorokhova N.D. Analysis of the causes and ways to reduce work-related incidents and diseases in the Altai Territory. Bezopasnost zhiznedeyatelnosti = Life Safety. 2021. № 3 (243). pp. 14–17. (In Russ.).
8. Semeykin A.Yu., Klimova E.V., Kochetkova I.A. Forecasting and Managing Professional Risks Using Information-Analytical Systems Based on Fuzzy Logic Methods. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2020. Vol. 459. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/459/5/052083
9. Filipova N.S., Volokhina A.T., Glebova E.V. Analysis of the influence of various factors on statistical indicators of industrial injuries at the fuel and energy facilities. Bezopasnost zhiznedeyatelnosti = Life Safety. 2020. № 4 (232). pp. 3–11. (In Russ.).
10 Pushenko S.L., Gaponov V.L., Kukareko V.A. Analysis of occupational injuries in the construction industry and ways to reduce it. Bezopasnost tekhnogennykh i prirodnykh sistem = Safety of Technogenic and Natural System. 2022. № 2. pp. 24−30. (In Russ.). DOI: 10.23947/2541-9129-2022-2-24-30
11. Klimova E.V., Semeykin A.Yu., Nosatova E.A. Prospects for the Introduction of Micro Training in the Occupational Safety Management System. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2020. Vol. 753. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/753/7/072009
12. Otitolaiye V.O., Aziz Abd F.S., Munauwar M., Omer F. The Relationship Between Organizational Safety Culture and Organization Safety Performance. The Mediating Role of Safety Management System. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health. 2021. Vol. 11. № 3. Р. 148–157. DOI: 10.3126/ijosh.v11i3.39766
13. Selleck R., Cattani M., Hassall M. Proposal for and validation of novel risk-based process to reduce the risk of construction site fatalities (Major Accident Prevention (MAP) program). Safety Science. 2023. Vol. 158. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2022.105986
14. Xu J., Cheung C., Manu P., Ejohwomu O., Too J. Implementing safety leading indicators in construction: Toward a proactive approach to safety management. Safety Science. 2023. Vol. 157. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2022.105929
15. Rafindadi A.D., Napiah M., Othman I., Mikić M., Haruna A., Alarifi H., Al-Ashmori Y.Y. Analysis of the causes and preventive measures of fatal fall-related accidents in the construction industry. Ain Shams Engineering Journal. 2022. Vol. 13. Iss. 4. DOI: 10.1016/j.asej.2022.101712
16. Marin L.S., Lipscomb H., Cifuentes M., Punnett L. Perceptions of safety climate across construction personnel: Associations with injury rates. Safety Science. 2019. Vol. 118. pp. 487–496. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.056 
DOI: 10.24000/0409-2961-2023-3-75-82
Year: 2023
Issue num: March
Keywords : occupational safety occupational safety occupational diseases industrial injuries hazardous and harmful factors injury indicators statistical method of analysis
  • Tomarovshchenko O.N.
    Tomarovshchenko O.N.
    Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department, tomarovschenko.on@bstu.ru Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov, Belgorod, Russia
  • Petrova V.A.
    Petrova V.A.
    Candidate, Assistant Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov, Belgorod, Russia