One of the main problems of the northern delivery remains the reliability of the transport accessibility of its provision. The Northern Sea Route is one of the most promising directions for ensuring the northern delivery of goods to the territory of the Arctic and the Far East. The significance of the Northern Sea Route lies in its ability to provide a shorter and more cost-efficient way to transport goods compared to the traditional sea routes. At the same time, an important factor is the reduction of time and costs for transporting goods to the remote regions, which contributes to improving the economic availability of food and increasing food safety. Nevertheless, at present a number of the problems are available, which are associated with the use of the Northern Sea Route for the northern delivery of goods. One of them is the availability of the required capacities to ensure transportation.
Forecasting the required number of supply vessels to ensure the reliability of the northern delivery contributes to the development of solutions aimed at ensuring food and food safety in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and the Far East. The results of a study are presented concerning the existing base of vessels that provide northern delivery, as well as objective factors that complicate the process of carrying out this set of measures.
It is proposed to solve the problem of ensuring economic and food safety by building the required fleet to compensate for departing ships and increasing the volume of traffic that could be sent along the Northern Sea Route. Thus, the availability of a fleet for the northern delivery using the waters of the Northern Sea Route is directly related to the availability of the corresponding fleet of the Russian Federation as a whole.
An assessment was made of the need for vessels to carry out the northern delivery, a forecast was made and the volume of demand for supply vessels until 2030 was identified.
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