E.V. Klovach, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., General Dir., email@example.com S.N. Buinovsky, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Editor in Chief STC «Industrial Safety» CJSC, Moscow, Russia G.M. Seleznev, Head Adviser, Acting Head of the Department Rostechnadzor, Moscow, Russia F.I. Lobanov, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., President OOO KNTP, Moscow, Russia
In 2002, the United Nations Economic and Social Council adopted the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). All UN member countries are recommended to implement the new classification system through the national legislation or international treaty documents in order to bring to a single standard the criteria for hazard assessment of substances used in different countries, as well as the labeling and the form of danger messages. A few years later, the European Union adopted the REACH regulations, which established the requirements for registration of chemical substances, assessment of their hazard and the safety data sheet. It is fully harmonized with GHS.
The international community has responded to legislation update on chemical substances by introducing changes to its acts containing any lists of chemical substances or chemical substances types. In particular, the changes have affected the acts aimed at taking measures to prevent industrial accidents: Seveso Directive and the UN Convention for the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents. Based on the scientists assessments, the changes in the classification had not effected significantly on these acts field of activities.
GHS classification has significant differences with the Russian Federation current classification of chemical substances. Russia undertook international obligations on the implementation of global system for classification of chemicals and, realizing the need for harmonization, together with other countries of the Eurasian Economic Union adopted Technical Regulations «On Chemicals Safety» (TR EAEU 041/2017) harmonized with GHS.
It is shown that coming into force the Technical regulations and the need in implementing the provisions of the Convention on the Transboundary Effect of Industrial Accidents signed by Russia, will inevitably lead to the need in introducing changes to Federal Law of July 21, 1997 № 116-FZ «On industrial safety of hazardous production facilities». The required changes will result in some changes in the State Register of hazardous production facilities.
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2. Regulation (EC) № 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32006R1907 (accessed: July 10, 2018).
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