Ensuring the ornithological safety of the aircraft flights is a serious international problem. Due to the sharp increase in the number, size and speed of the modern aircrafts, the probability of collisions with the birds and the severity of the consequences are increased significantly.
To ensure ornithological safety of civil aviation, various birdscarers are used. Along with the latest ultrasonic and laser developments, it is possible to use acoustic scarers — after appropriate modernization.
The authors developed and created a new type of the automated complex based on the microprocessor technologies. This system includes a sound (propane) thunder cannon and a built-in video surveillance system with the motion sensors. An algorithm for the operation of the complex was developed.
Proposed: the automated bird detection in the take-off and landing zone of the airport using video cameras and automatic launch of the thunder cannon shots. There are three options for launching the thunder cannon: automatic — based on the schedule of the aircraft take-off and arrival; automatic — when birds are detected by the surveillance cameras; manual centralized — if required.
A modern programmable logic controller PLC110 of the Russian company OWEN with a program based on CODESYS was used. Information is transferred using the Modbus RTU protocol. Data archiving system was created based on the TRACE MODE software package.
Thanks to automation, the negative consequences of the human factor when observing birds and managing repellents are minimized, which increases the efficiency of ensuring the airport ornithological safety.
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